The Simple Present Tense

Yayınlanma 7. Sınıf İngilizce Konu Anlatımı

THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
 
The simple present GENEL OLARAK HER GÜN YAPTIĞIMIZ ALIŞKANLIK HALİNE GELMİŞ İŞLERDEN BAHSEDERKEN KULLANILIR.
 
HERGÜN OKULA GİTMEK , HERGÜN ERKEN KALKMAK , YAŞADIĞIMIZ ŞEHİRDEN BAHSEDERKEN, BU KALIBI KULLANIRIZ. İkinci bir kullanım şeklinde  doğruluğu kabul edilmiş durumlar. Milliyetimizden mesleklerden bahderken  ben Türk üm İngiliz im , Öğrenciyim , Doktorum derken genel olarak doğruluğu kabul edildiğinden Simple Present kullanılır.
 
 
 
--> I work in  Ankara  (Ankara da çalışıyorum , işe hergün  Ankarada gittiğinden bahsediyor
 
 
 
 --> The Simons sisters are both very snob (her iki kız kardeşte çok ukala)
 
.
 
I am English (and I always will be English).
 
I am DOCTOR
 
I Get up 7 o’clock every morning
 
 
 
The simple present is used to express general truths such as scientific fact, as in the following sentences (doğru olduğu her zaman bilinen bilimsel ve coğrafi gerçeklerde de bu zaman kalıbı kullanılır)
 
The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. (güneş doğudan doğar ve batıdan batar)
 

 

 
The simple present is used to indicate a habitual action, event, or condition, as in the following sentences (yapması alışkanlık haline gelen durumlar)
 
--> My grandmother sends me new clothes each spring.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Spelling rules for adding s in the third person singular
 
 
 
Some verbs change their spelling when s is added in the third person singular.
 
 
 
 
 
a. Verbs ending in y  ( sonu Y harfi ile  biten filler )
 
The English letters a, e, i, o and u are generally referred to as vowels. The other English letters are generally referred to as consonants.
 
 
 
When a verb ends in y immediately preceded by a consonant, the y is changed to ie before the ending s is added. In each of the following examples, the consonant immediately preceding the final y is underlined.
 
Bare InfinitiveThird Person Singular
 
  study studies
 
  fly flies
 
  carry carries
 
 
 
However, when a verb ends in y immediately preceded by a vowel, the y is not changed before the ending s is added. In each of the following examples, the vowel immediately preceding the final y is underlined.
 
Bare InfinitiveThird Person Singular
 
  say says
 
  enjoy enjoys
 
  buy buys
 
 
 
b. Verbs ending in o
 
When a verb ends in o, the letter e is added before the s ending. For example:
 
Bare InfinitiveThird Person Singular
 
  do does
 
  echo echoes
 
  go goes
 
 
 
c. Verbs ending in ch, s, sh, x or z
 
When a verb ends in a sibilant sound such as ch, s, sh, x or z, the letter e is added before the s ending. For example:
 
Bare InfinitiveThird Person Singular
 
  pass passes
 
  push pushes
 
  watch watches
 
  fix fixes
 
  buzz buzzes
 
 
 
3. Pronunciation of the es ending
 
.
 
Bare InfinitiveThird Person Singular
 
  pass passes
 
  push pushes
 
  catch catches
 
  mix mixes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. The auxiliary Do
 
 
 
With the exception of the verb to be, verbs in modern English use the auxiliary do to form questions and negative statements in the Simple Present.
 
The Simple Present of the verb to do is conjugated as follows:
 
I do
 
you do
 
he does
 
she does
 
it does
 
we do
 
they do
 
 
 
Auxiliaries are verbs which are combined with other verbs to form various tenses. It should be noted that when an auxiliary is combined with another verb, it is the auxiliary which must agree with the subject, while the form of the other verb remains invariable.
 
 
 
When the auxiliary do is combined with another verb, the other verb always has the form of the bare infinitive.
 
 
 
a. Questions
 
In order to form a question in the Simple Present of any verb other than the verb to be, the Simple Present of the auxiliary do is added before the subject, and the bare infinitive of the verb is placed after the subject. For example:
 
Affirmative StatementQuestion
 
  I work. Do I work?
 
  You work. Do you work?
 
  He works. Does he work?
 
  She works. Does she work?
 
  It works. Does it work?
 
  We work. Do we work?
 
  They work. Do they work?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
b. Negative statements
 
In order to form a negative statement, the Simple Present of the auxiliary do followed by the word not is placed before the bare
 
infinitive of the verb. For example:
 
Affirmative StatementNegative Statement
 
  I work. I do not work.
 
  You work. You do not work.
 
  He works. He does not work.
 
  She works. She does not work.
 
  It works. It does not work.
 
  We work. We do not work.
 
  They work. They do not work.
 
 
 
In spoken English, the following contractions are often used:
 
Without contractionsWith contractions
 
  do not don't
 
  does not doesn't
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
c. Negative questions
 
To form a negative question, the Simple Present of the auxiliary do is placed before the subject, and the word not followed by the bare infinitive is placed after the subject. However, when contractions are used, the contracted form of not follows immediately after the Simple Present of the auxiliary do. For example:
 
Without contractionsWith contractions
 
  Do I not work? Don't I work?
 
  Do you not work? Don't you work?
 
  Does he not work? Doesn't he work?
 
  Does she not work? Doesn't she work?
 
  Does it not work? Doesn't it work?
 
  Do we not work? Don't we work?
 
  Do they not work? Don't they work?



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